Imagine a penguin, and you probably picture a pure-white snowscape in a David Attenborough programme, the birds huddled together to withstand the polar chill.
In reality, there are 18 species of penguin, and only two are truly native to Antarctica The rest are spread through the climates and continents of the southern hemisphere, even reaching up into the tropics.
To celebrate World Penguin Day, here are a few of the more unexpected places our flightless friends can turn up…
Purely by reputation, the scorching temperatures and dust-covered deserts of Australia should make an unhappy home for penguins, but there are snow-capped mountains in Victoria, and penguins on the southern coast. Little penguins, barely bigger than a bowling pin, inhabit beaches near Sydney and Melbourne.
Across the Tasman Sea, New Zealand also has its fair share of penguins, including the ultra-rare fjordland crested penguin, and the yellow-eyed penguin – a faintly evil-looking bird that earns its name with a vivid yellow glare.
Endangered Galapagos penguin pair (Spheniscus mendiculus) on Bartolome Island in the Galapagos Islands Ecuador
Giant tortoises, marine iguanas… penguins? It speaks volumes for the Galapagos Islands’ biodiversity that tropical penguins aren’t what the archipelago is famous for…