Sumary of High-speed rail: What exactly are the plans for HS2 and HS3?:
- Leaks from government reveal that plans for new high-speed lines, HS2 and HS3, stop well short of previously promised ambitions.
- UIC, the global railway organisation, says the era was born on 1 October 1964 when the Bullet Train started running in Japan between Tokyo and Osaka.
- France made the next giant leap on 27 September 1981, when the Train à Grand Vitesse started running at a maximum speed of 162mph (260 km/h).
- The twin-track line follows a more southerly trajectory than the existing West Coast main line and Chilterns line, cutting through rural countryside to the Midlands, where it splits.
- The western leg (HS2W) runs to Crewe and Manchester, while the eastern leg (HS2E) continues to Nottingham, Sheffield and Leeds – relieving pressure on the Midland main line and the East Coast main line.
- The Y-shaped network will allow high-speed trains to run on conventional lines onwards to Preston, Carlisle, Edinburgh and Glasgow from the western leg, and to York and Newcastle on the eastern leg.